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Oleh Fauna Dan Flora

Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:36


Assalamualaikum

Salam Ukhwahfillah kalian,

Di sini marilah kita bersama berkongsi gambar2 Fauna dan Flora ciptaan Allah SWT yang nan indah dan unik ini. Disamping itu dapatlah kita sesama berkempen "Sayangilah Fauna dan Flora" demi masa depan generasi kita semua.

Ayuh....


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:38


/

Posting sulung dari teman. Haiwan berleher panjang yang cantik corak kulitnye.


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:39


/

Renungan tajam dan mengasyikkan.


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:41


/

Comel tapi tanduknye patah. kasihan dia. Dulu ramai orang memburu rusa demi tanduknye.


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:42


/

Mari kita makan mari. Juvenil ruse...


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:44


/

Jaguh larian maraton di Afrika. Kuat dia punya stamina. Setiap belangnye berbeza bagi setiap individu berlainan, semacam cap jari setiap orang manusia yang berbeza. SubhanaAllah


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 15-06-08 21:47


/

Ni dia lambang kekuatan dan kemachoan 'Jantan' sejati. Mempunyai stamina yang kuat, otot yang pejal. Tidak kelihatan najis seladang, kerana Seladang bila masa aktiviti perkumuhan, najisnye dilibas oleh ekornye yang kuat hingga hancur najisnye dan tidak menjejak tanah. SubhanaAllah


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RuMaishaaa

Menyertai: 22.05.2003
Ahli No: 749
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Terengganu   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 19-06-08 23:51


mak oi.. Subhanallah!!
cantik..

tapi, Kalau nak share gambar begini.. alamak! boleh sampai berpuluh pages ni.. :)

kalau seorang share 5-6 kpg, 20000 org???
hehehe

anyway..nice lah.. :)

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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 21-06-08 11:55


/

Ni tikus buluh.... name saintifik dia tak tau pula...


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 21-06-08 12:18


Flies - Thermosensors

Flies, unlike humans, can't manipulate the temperature of their surroundings so they need to pick the best spot for flourishing. New Brandeis University research in this week's Nature reveals that they have internal thermosensors to help them.

Biologist Paul Garrity and his colleagues have discovered that the fruitfly Drosophila has four large heat-responsive neurons located in its brain. These are activated at temperatures just above the fly's preferred temperature by an ion channel in the cell membrane known as dTrpA1, which itself acts as a molecular sensor of warmth.

This internal warmth-sensing pathway helps the fly to avoid slightly raised temperatures and acts together with a cold-avoidance pathway in the antennae to set the fly's preferred temperature--enabling the fly to pick its optimal ambient temperature range for survival.

"We were very surprised to discover that flies used sensors in their brains to gauge environmental warmth. Large animals use peripheral neurons to monitor ambient temperature, and the prevailing view has been that the situation in small animals like fruit flies was similar," explained Garrity.

He and his colleagues Fumika Hamada, Mark Rosenzweig, Kyeongjin Kang, Stefan Pulver, Alfredo Ghezzi, and Tim Jegla pursued several avenues hoping to find the peripheral warmth sensors, but in the end the data indicated that the critical sensors weren't peripheral after all, but rather tucked away inside the fly's head.

"We don't know the details yet, but our data suggest dTRPA1 may function a bit like a fire alarm. When the temperature inside the fly's head gets too high, dTRPA1 activates these internal sensors that somehow help the fly move toward more hospitable climes," said Garrity.

Despite the ubiquitous influence of environmental temperature on animal and human behavior, little is known about the mechanisms of neural circuits that drive animals to select a preferred temperature. This research brings scientists an important step closer to understanding how neurons help flies seek just the right temperature to ensure their survival. In turn, these neural circuits are also potential targets for disrupting thermal preference and other thermosensory behaviors in agricultural pests and disease vectors such as malaria- and dengue-fever mosquitoes, who use heat-seeking to locate prey.

As global warming leads hundreds of species, including insects, fish, birds, and mammals to seek out different environments in which temperature is more optimal, understanding the molecules and the internal neural cues that drive these behaviors will shed light on the strategies animals use to cope with changes in their environments. Furthermore, the molecules that control these responses, like dTRPA1, are evolutionarily conserved proteins important for pain and inflammation in humans. A deeper understanding of how these proteins work will be important for devising new approaches and medicines for treating pain and inflammation.

ScienceDaily (June 18, 2008)


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 21-06-08 12:25


satu lagi yang organisma marin yang sensitip terhadap perubahan iklim dan suhu adalah Batu Karang...


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Al-Mashoori
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PulauPinang   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 21-06-08 12:33


Kalau yang bawah ni spesis apa pulak ek?


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irashahirah
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Johor   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 21-06-08 14:19


hehe
kuceng kat atas ini adik beradik ke
seiras tol muka

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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 22-06-08 07:03


ye, kembar seiras kucing atas tu, comey saja...

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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 22-06-08 07:24


Aquatic Insect 'Family Trees' Provide Clues About Sensitivity To Pollution

A new North Carolina State University study shows that examining an insect's "family tree" might help predict a "cousin" insect's level of tolerance to pollutants, and therefore could be a reliable way to understand why certain insect species thrive or suffer under specific ecological conditions.

Evaluations of the health and well-being of rivers and streams are frequently tied to the presence -- or absence -- of resident aquatic insects. But these population evaluations are not designed to explain why certain species may be disappearing from specific places, says Dr. David Buchwalter, an NC State assistant professor of environmental and molecular toxicology and the lead author of the paper.

"Our results are exciting because they open up the possibility of predicting species' tolerance to environmental problems based on their evolutionary histories," Buchwalter says. This predictive power would give scientists a leg up on understanding insect responses to environmental stressors in the more than 6,500 aquatic insect species in North America.

In the study, Buchwalter and colleagues from the University of California, Riverside, and the U.S. Geological Survey examined how 21 species of insects field-collected from streams in North Carolina, California, Colorado and Oregon tolerated cadmium, a trace metal cancerous to humans that is used in batteries and found near hard-rock mining and industrial sites.

By exposing the insects to a gamma emitting isotope of cadmium -- a technique that allowed the scientists to gauge metallic concentrations in live insects over time -- the researchers measured cadmium intake rates; cadmium elimination rates; whether insects "detoxified" metals using proteins; and whether related insects showed similar resistance or tolerance to cadmium.

The study showed a great deal of variation in how these insects internally process cadmium, including a 65-fold difference in uptake and a 25-fold difference in the rate at which different species eliminated it from their tissues.

For the most part, though, insects in the same family were similar when it came to pollution sensitivity.

The study also showed that species could face a trade-off between being able to protect cells from cadmium and being able to eliminate it from their tissues. "This paper helps explain why, in the same water, different species can carry around very different concentrations of metals," Buchwalter says. "And
some species can carry those metal loads better than others."

ScienceDaily (June 21, 2008)


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sirat82
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Kelantan   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 22-06-08 11:31


Errr... dia punya tajuk flora dan fauna. Tapi gambar yang ada semua fauna. gambar flora tak ada pun (tak termasuk background)

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Al-Mashoori
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posticon Posting pada: 22-06-08 11:55


Gambar hutan...


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err... berkenaan gambar di atas ni, tumpukan pada persekitaran saja...usah pedulikan anak panah super imposed tu..


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Al-Mashoori
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PulauPinang   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 22-06-08 12:05


Lagi gambar flora dan fauna

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alam_barzakh
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Sarawak   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 24-06-08 11:46


Subhanallah...
indahnya ciptaan Allah...
Tiada tandingan, lengkap dan cukup sempurna menghiasi alam ini...

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ismi_atikah
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Selangor   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 24-06-08 12:56


masyaAllah... lawa2nya...
comeynye tikus buluh tu.. uhuk uhuk...
gambar ayo terjun al-mashoori macam biasa kelihatan..
apapun, semuanya memang indah...
bukankah Dia suka pada keindahan...

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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 01-07-08 13:35


/

Bunge kertas yang cantik, teman suka suasana kat sini.


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pemburu_harimau
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blank   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 01-07-08 15:40


Pada 21-06-08 12:33 , Al-Mashoori posting:

!!! QUOTE !!!

Kalau yang bawah ni spesis apa pulak ek?


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FAMILI:FELIDAE
SPESIES: Felix domestica


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Harimau adalah makhluk Tuhan,
Kenapa mahu memburu harimau yang comel ini?



    


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 02-07-08 07:23


terima kasih panthera di atas penerangan keluarga dan spesis kucing.

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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 02-07-08 07:27


Malagasy Chameleon Spends Most Of Its Short Life In An Egg

There is a newly discovered life history among the 28,300 species of known tetrapods, or four-legged animals with backbones. A chameleon from arid southwestern Madagascar spends up to three-quarters of its life in an egg. Even more unusual, life after hatching is a mere 4 to 5 months. No other known four-legged animal has such a rapid growth rate and such a short life span.

"It really is a huge surprise," says Christopher Raxworthy, Associate Curator in the Department of Herpetology at the American Museum of Natural History. "Adding to that, until now, the short life span of chameleons in captivity has always been considered as a failure to thrive. We need to rethink this."

Most mammals, reptiles, birds, and amphibians (all tetrapods) typically live 2 to 10 years, an average bracketed at the upper end by some long-lived animals (for example, turtles and humans that can live for a century) and at the lower end by a handful of animals that only live for about a year.

The males in nine species of marsupials dia off after a year, for example, as do most adults in about twelve species of lizards. But the chameleon described here, Furcifer labordi, not only has a brief, yearly life cycle, but the bulk of that time is spent incubating inside an egg. Once outside of the egg, all individuals in the population dia within 4 to 5 months.

Kristopher Karsten, a graduate student from the Department of Zoology at Oklahoma State University, discovered the unusual life cycle almost by accident. "I showed up late in the season and found something weird," recalls Karsten. "There were no juveniles. But by February, I found carcasses all over with no signs of mutilation or predation. The population plummeted--we've never seen this with other lizards."

Now, after five seasons of data and sightings of nearly 400 individuals, the life cycle of F. labordi can be described. Hatching begins with the rains in November, and, once emerged, the chameleons develop rapidly, growing up to 2.6 mm (0.1 inches) a day--up to two orders of magnitude greater than other known lizard growth rate. In less than 60 days, for example, there can be a 300%-400% increase in body size for males to reach adulthood. After reaching maturity, the population reproduces, and females burrow through about 138 mm (5.4 inches) of sand to lay their eggs. Once covered, the eggs wait out the dry season for the next 8 to 9 months, and all adults dia.

"It is amazing to think that for most of the year, this chameleon species is represented only by developing eggs buried in the ground," says Raxworthy. "This species really illustrates just how much there is still to discover about the natural history of Madagascar." Karsten agrees, adding: "We've identified a species that does something really different from the others, but what is driving this system? One bad year could wipe out these chameleons."

The new research is reported in the June 30 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The research was carried out by Karsten and Laza Andriamandimbiarisoa of the Département ada Biologie Animale, Université d'Antananarivo in Madagascar. Raxworthy and Stanley Fox of the Department of Zoology at Oklahoma State University helped design the study and write the research paper. The project was funded by a National Science Foundation grant to Raxworthy.

ScienceDaily (July 2, 2008)

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ibnu_musa

Menyertai: 11.05.2005
Ahli No: 16451
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Dari: Putrajaya

KualaLumpur   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 02-07-08 09:44


Pada 01-07-08 15:40 , pemburu_harimau posting:

!!! QUOTE !!!



FAMILI:FELIDAE
SPESIES: Felix domestica


wah, tigerhunter ni memang pakar ye tentang fauna esp. salasilah harimau dan kucing ni... bagus2, pernah tangkap harimau ke... :sopan:


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pemburu_harimau
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blank   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 02-07-08 16:12


Pada 02-07-08 07:23 , Daeng_Jati posting:

!!! QUOTE !!!

terima kasih panthera di atas penerangan keluarga dan spesis kucing.


fd

sama-sama....

Famili: FELIDAE
Spesies: Panthera pardus
local name: Harimau bintang, harimau kumbang, harimau hitam


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Kenapa mahu memburu harimau yang comel ini?



    


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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 03-07-08 07:30


Bee Species Outnumber Mammals And Birds Combined

Scientists have discovered that there are more bee species than previously thought. In the first global accounting of bee species in over a hundred years, John S. Ascher, a research scientist in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology at the American Museum of Natural History, compiled online species pages and distribution maps for more than 19,200 described bee species, showcasing the diversity of these essential pollinators. This new species inventory documents 2,000 more described, valid species than estimated by Charles Michener in the first edition of his definitive The Bees of the World published eight years ago.

"The bee taxonomic community came together and completed the first global checklist of bee names since 1896," says Ascher. "Most people know of honey bees and a few bumble bees, but we have documented that there are actually more species of bees than of birds and mammals put together."

The list of bee names finished by Ascher and colleagues was placed online by John Pickering of the University of Georgia through computer applications that linked all names to Discover Life species pages, a searchable taxonomic classification for all bees, and global maps for all genera and species. Ascher and colleagues recently reviewed all valid names from his checklist and from those of experts from all over the world for the World Bee Checklist project led by the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History and available online (http://www.itis.gov).

The bee checklists were developed as a key component of the Museum's Bee Database Project initiated in 2006 by Ascher and Jerome pergi. Rozen, Jr., Curator of bees at the Museum, and with technical support from Curator Randall Schuh. A primary goal of this project is to document floral and distributional records for all bees, including now obscure species that may someday become significant new pollinators for our crops. The vast majority of known bee species are solitary, primitively social, or parasitic.

These bees do not make honey or live in hives but are essential pollinators of crops and native plants. Honey is made by nearly 500 species of tropical stingless bees in addition to the well-known honey bee Apis mellifera. Honey bees are the most economically important pollinators and are currently in the news because of colony collapse disorder, an unexplained phenomenon that is wiping out colonies throughout the United States.

The crises facing traditionally managed pollinators like honey bees highlight the need for more information about bee species and their interactions with the plants they pollinate. The National Academy of Sciences identified improved taxonomic data on bees as a high priority, and the new online bee checklists, maps, and other databases have for the first time made comprehensive data readily accessible.

The checklists compiled by Ascher and colleagues facilitate ongoing databasing of the Museum's worldwide collections of more than 400,000 bee specimens. Funding was provided by Robert pergi. Goelet, Chairman Emeritus of the Museum's Board of Trustees.

ScienceDaily (June 17, 2008)

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Daeng_Jati
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brunei   avatar


posticon Posting pada: 04-07-08 07:34


25 June 2008

Regional conservation strategy aims to reverse decline of Asian wild cattle and buffaloes

Over 40 delegates from across South-east Asia have this week agreed to a new regional conservation strategy aimed to reverse the dramatic decline of Asian wild cattle and buffalo species. The landmark meeting was held over six days in Vĩnh Phúc Province, Vietnam.

All nine species of Asian wild cattle and buffaloes are threatened with extinction, according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ 2008. The worst affected is the Kouprey (Bos sauveli), a large forest-dwelling ox, about the same size as a Water Buffalo. Last seen in Cambodia in 1969, it has not been located since and may now be extinct in the wild.

Asian wild cattle and buffaloes play a vital role in their natural environment. They are an important prey species and also help maintain habitat diversity through grazing. Wild cattle species also represent a major reservoir of genetic material that could help scientists safeguard and improve domestic cattle breeds throughout the world.

Poaching and habitat destruction and degradation are amongst the major threats facing these species. Recent field research shows there is a real danger that Asia's eight other wild cattle and buffalo species are likely to suffer the same fate as the Kouprey unless immediate action is taken.

Representatives from 11 countries comprising of academics, experts, policy makers, NGOs and government officials, came to the planning workshop hosted by the IUCN/SSC Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group and The Wild Cattle Conservation Project in Vietnam (CIRAD, French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development). The event was held in Tam Dao National Park and was sponsored by the French Global Environment Facility (FFEM), Earthwatch Institute and the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Amongst the actions agreed for the Regional Conservation Strategy were; to strengthen enforcement of legislation on wildlife hunting and trade, to improve the effectiveness of protected areas and to manage interactions with domestic livestock that could lead to disease transmission and inter-breeding.

In the coming months, further workshops will be held in South and South-east Asia, to continue the process of saving these species from extinction.

/

The Banteng Bos javanicus, one of nine threatened species of Asian wild cattle and buffalo. IUCN Red List status: Endangered

IUCN Red List


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Al-Mashoori
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posticon Posting pada: 04-07-08 12:29


Bunga bangkai
( Katherine Philip)

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Alam : Plant
Divisi : Magnoliophyta
Kelas : Liliopsida
Order : Alismatales
Keluarga : Araceae
Genus : Amorphophallus
Spesies : A. titanium
Nama binomial : Armophallus titanium


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posticon Posting pada: 07-07-08 15:31


Tigers Disappear From Himalayan Refuge

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is alarmed by the dramatic decline of at least 30 percent in the Bengal tiger population of Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve in Nepal, once a refuge that boasted among the highest densities of the endangered species in the Eastern Himalayas. The recent survey of April 2008 showed a population of between 6-14 tigers, down from 20-50 tigers in 2005.

The Government of Nepal made a low-key announcement on July 1 based on the results of a long-term camera trap study conducted in large part by WWF. Officials identified poaching as perhaps the major cause of tigers disappearing from this protected area. Ironically, armed poachers have been photographed by the very equipment set up to capture tiger images.

“The loss of tigers in Suklaphanta is undoubtedly linked to the powerful global mafia that controls illegal wildlife trade,” said Jon Miceler, managing director of WWF’s Eastern Himalayas Program. “The evidence suggests that Nepal’s endangered tigers are increasingly vulnerable to this despicable trade that has already emptied several Indian tiger reserves—clearly, this is symptomatic of the larger tiger crisis in the region. We need a stronger, more sustained response to this issue in order to protect the future of tigers in the wild.”

Suklaphanta shares a porous international border with India, allowing for easy and untraceable transportation of wildlife contraband. Unlike poaching of other species like rhinos where only the horns are removed, virtually no evidence remains at a tiger poaching site because all its parts are in high demand for illegal wildlife trade.

In May, two tiger skins and nearly 70 pounds of tiger bones were seized from the border town of Dhangadi. Just last month, two separate raids recovered tiger bones being smuggled by local middlemen through the reserve.

“With only 4,000 tigers remaining in the wild, every tiger lost to poaching pushes this magnificent animal closer to extinction,” said Dr. Sybille Klenzendorf, director of WWF’s Species Conservation Program. “Tigers cannot be saved in small forest fragments when faced with a threat like illegal wildlife trade—this is a global problem that needs the concerted effort of governments, grassroots organizations and all concerned individuals.”

WWF is committed to working even more closely with local communities and various government bodies in Nepal and India to tackle illegal wildlife trade. Activities ranging from improved community-based anti-poaching operations to entrenched informant networks and better-equipped rapid response teams are being strengthened.

Most poached tigers end up in China and South East Asia where they are used in traditional Chinese medicine, prized as symbols of wealth and served as exotic food.

ScienceDaily (July 2, 2008)


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mujahid007
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posticon Posting pada: 07-07-08 15:36


subhanallah..cantiknya ciptaan ALLAH....nt boleh kita buat jk flora dan fauna...hehe....ana suka bersiar2 di kawasan yang mendamaikan....

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Daeng_Jati
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posticon Posting pada: 08-07-08 14:40


Rhinos on the rise in Africa but Northern white nears extinction

African rhinos have reached record numbers for the first time in decades, but the Northern white rhino (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) is on the brink of extinction.

The figures, complied by the IUCN Species Survival Commission African Rhino Specialist Group, show there are now more than 21,000 African rhinos.

According to the results, the white rhino Ceratotherium simum has increased from 14,540 in 2005 to 17,480 in 2007. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™, but one of its two subspecies, the Northern white rhino, is listed as Critically Endangered and is on the brink of extinction.

It is restricted in the wild to Garamba National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the only remaining population was reduced by poaching from 30 in April 2003 to only four confirmed animals by August 2006.

"Worryingly, recent fieldwork has so far failed to find any presence of these four remaining rhinos,” says Dr Martin Brooks, Chair of the IUCN SSC African Rhino Specialist Group. “Unless animals are found during the intensive surveys that are planned under the direction of the African Parks Foundation, the subspecies may be doomed to extinction.”

In contrast, the other subspecies, the Southern white rhino Ceratotherium simum simum, is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and continues to increase in numbers and range.

Similarly, the population of African black rhino Diceros bicornis, has increased from 3,730 in 2005 to 4,180 in 2007, although it still remains Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. In the last two years alone, numbers have risen by about 450 animals, with several new populations being founded or enhanced through translocation, such as in North Luangwa National Park, Zambia.

“This is fantastic news for the African black rhino,” says Dr Richard Emslie, Scientific Officer of the IUCN SSC African Rhino Specialist Group. “However, these magnificent creatures are not out of the woods yet. They are still classed as Critically Endangered and face increasing threats of poaching and civil unrest. There is no room for complacency.”

The majority of African black rhino can be found in just four countries – Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia and Kenya but with increasing numbers in a number of other range states. All countries with breeding populations have recorded increases, except Zimbabwe, whose numbers are slightly down.

Poaching for rhino horn remains the rhino’s Achilles heel, and while under control in many countries it has been responsible for significant losses in both the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zimbabwe.

“Even though protection from poaching is critical, effective rhino conservation must also include intensive monitoring and biological management to ensure annual growth rates of at least 5 % apa year so that surplus rhinos are made available to create new populations,” says Dr Martin Brooks.

/

Diceros bicornis - Black Rhino

IUCN Red List


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Al-Mashoori
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posticon Posting pada: 08-07-08 18:13


Lagi gambar flora dan fauna...



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pemburu_harimau
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posticon Posting pada: 08-07-08 18:38


/

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Lapar laaaa.....

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Administrator




posticon Posting pada: 08-07-08 22:24


sila resize saiz gambar yang diposting.
jangan terlalu besar saiznya bila memosting.
harap peka dengan ayat penyata RESIZE.
jika tidak berapa nak tahu untuk resize.

sila ke www.photobucket.com
upload gambar, kemudian resize..dan copy paste link gambar tersebut.
harap maklum.

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Daeng_Jati
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posticon Posting pada: 16-07-08 11:05


Mystery Insect Found In London's Natural History Museum's Wildlife Garden

An insect, not seen in the UK before, has been discovered living in the Natural History Museum's Wildlife Garden. The tiny bug is baffling insect experts at the Museum who are still trying to identify the mystery newcomer.

The almond-shaped bug is red and black and about the size of a grain of rice. The bug appears to be harmless, but there is potential for it to spread throughout the UK.

Living on London plane trees

The bug was first seen in the Museum grounds in March 2007 on the seeds of some of the plane trees that grow there. There were also similar specimens found in other parts of London in 2006 that other scientists reported in a paper in May 2007.

The insects in the Museum grounds increased in numbers so quickly that by August 2007 it was the most common insect in the Wildlife Garden.

'It seems strange that so many of these bugs should suddenly appear,' says Max Barclay, one of the Museum's insect experts.

'With international trade and climate change, several new insects are showing up in London every year. Some of the invaders come from southern Europe, but others are from as far away as Australia. The fauna of the city is changing all the time now.'

Not even one in 28 million

Experts checked the new bug with those in the Museum's national insect collection of more than 28 million specimens. Amazingly, there is no exact match.

From alder to plane trees?

The bug closely resembles the fairly rare species Arocatus roeselii, which is usually found in central Europe. However, the roeselii bugs are brighter red than this new bug and they are usually associated with alder trees rather than plane trees.

However, the National Museum in Prague discovered an exact match to the mystery bug in their collections - an insect that was found in Nice and is classified as Arocatus roeselii.

'There are two possible explanations,' explains Barclay. 'That the bug is roeselii and by switching to feed on the plane trees it could suddenly become more abundant, successful and invasive. The other possibility is that the insect in our grounds may not be roeselii at all.'

ScienceDaily (July 16, 2008)

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posticon Posting pada: 19-07-08 08:31


Bees Go 'Off-color' When They Are Sickly

Bumble-bees go 'off colour' and can't remember which flowers have the most nectar when they are feeling under the weather, a new study from the University of Leicester reveals.

The behaviour of the bumbling bees reveals that, like humans who are ill, bees are often not at their most astute and clever when they feel poorly.

Lecturer in Animal Biology at the University of Leicester Dr. Eamonn Mallon, who lead the research group, said: "Disease can influence different behaviours including foraging, mata choice, and predator avoidance. Several recent papers have shown reduced learning abilities in infected insects. However, it is difficult to separate the effects of the immune response from the direct effects of the parasite. That was the purpose of our study"
Bees were divided into a control group and a group that were injected with lipopolysaccharide, a substance that stimulated an immune response without a need for the bee to be infected with a disease. Bees were offered the choice of blue and yellow artificial flowers only one type of which contained sugar water. An individual's flight was recorded over ninety visits to these flowers. Eventually the bees spent almost all of their time going to the rewarding flowers, but it took the immune stimulated bees longer to reach this point.

Dr Mallon added: "This work has two important applications. Firstly, there is a lot of interest in the connections between the immune system and the nervous system in human biology. The Mallon lab was the first to show that these interactions also exist in the much more experimentally tractable insects.

"Secondly, there is concern about both the decline in wild bumble-bee species and the effects of disease on the honeybee industry. It has been shown that learning is vitally important to how well a colony prospers. This effect of immunity on learning highlights a previously unconsidered effect of disease on colony success."
Future work will look at the basis of this neuro-immune interaction. Is it due to the immune system using up some resource required to form memories or is it due to the damaging effects of the immune response on the nervous system?

The research was conducted in the Department of Biology, in collaboration with the Department of Genetics, at the University of Leicester. The Leicester team consisted of A. Alghamdi, L. Dalton, A. Phillis, E. Rosato and E. B. Mallon

ScienceDaily (July 19, 2008)


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posticon Posting pada: 15-09-08 08:52


Fire Ant-attacking Fly Spreading Rapidly In Texas

Parasitic flies introduced to control red imported fire ants have spread over four million acres in central and southeast Texas since the flies' introduction in 1999, researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have discovered using new flytraps they developed.

Researchers at the Brackenridge Field Laboratory (BFL) have released multiple species of the parasitic flies, originally from Brazil and Argentina, to control invasive fire ants without pesticides. The fly larvae develop inside the ants and kill their host.

Dr. Ed LeBrun, a researcher at BFL, developed the new flytraps that allowed him to map the spread of the first species of phorid fly successfully introduced. The fly, Pseudacteon tricuspis, was introduced to several locations in Texas beginning in 1999 with BFL in central Austin.

The small traps capture fire ants first by luring them in with ants from a disturbed mound. The flies follow the ants into the traps and then become stuck on strips of flypaper when they take a break from attacking their victims. Researchers place traps around fire ant mounds along roads and analyze the flies they catch.
They have found the introduced phorid flies attacking imported fire ants in more than 12 counties and 3.5 million acres in Central Texas and seven counties and 1.5 million acres in the Coastal Bend region of Texas.

Phorids got a slow start after introduction due to drought in Texas from 1999-2001, says Dr. Larry Gilbert, director of the fire ant research program and professor of integrative biology, but they are now spreading three-to-10 miles apa year from initial introduction sites.

In addition to Brazilian and Argentinean strains of P. tricuspis, two other phorid species were introduced since 2004, and Gilbert says the smallest one, P. curvatus, is also on the march.
Gilbert says these initial successes should be seen as "getting to first base" in the attempt to control red imported fire ants with phorid flies.

In their native Argentina, where Gilbert and his collaborators study the ants and flies, fire ants are assaulted by as many as 12 different kinds of phorid fly in an area smaller than a football field.
"No single phorid species will be a magic bullet," he says.

Fire ants are not typically pests or even common in South America in large part because of harassment by the phorid flies. In the presence of these flies, ants have difficulty retrieving food, having mating flights or rescuing their larvae after mounds become disturbed by animals such as armadillos during the day.

"It's not just because these tiny flies are numerous, it's also because they are diverse in kinds, coming after worker ants in many different ways at once," says Gilbert. "Different phorids specialize on small or large workers, on distinct chemicals laid down by the ants on trails, on time of day and on season and so forth. Our goal is to copy what we believe to be nature's complex control system."

Gilbert and his colleagues are looking at the fire ant-fly relationship in parts of Argentina that are similar to habitats in Texas.

"It is rewarding to see the first species expanding over more than four million acres of Texas," says Gilbert, "but we've failed miserably in parts of Texas, like South Texas, to which these first phorids apparently cannot adapt. That's why we are focusing research efforts in parts of Argentina that look exactly like the South Texas brush country."

Gilbert is also working with ranchers to help them learn how to infest their own fire ant colonies with phorid flies. He began the initiative in 2005 with ranchers from Bee County, Texas.

To introduce phorid flies themselves, people can bring ants from their property to high-density areas of phorids and return the ants to their property carrying phorid eggs inside them.

"People accidentally move fire ants around all the time," says Gilbert, "and now they can help speed up the spread of phorid flies on purpose by moving ants containing phorid eggs."

The new flytraps will help BFL researchers identify where the latest phorid hotspots exist so that landowners can know where to bring fire ants from their property.

Recently, the Texas Organization of Wildlife Management Associations adopted the initiative and plans to help promote the spreading of phorids by private ranching and wildlife groups

ScienceDaily (Sep. 29, 2006)


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Daeng_Jati
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posticon Posting pada: 12-11-08 07:24


Kucing

Kucing dikenali sebagai kucing bela jinak ialah mamalia karnivor kecil dari subspesis Felis silvestris catus. Ia adalah keturunan kucing liar Afrika, Felis silvestris lybica dan mungkin dijinakkan 3,500 tahun dahulu di zaman Mesir purba, di mana ia digunakan untuk menjaga simpanan bijirin daripada tikus dan roden yang lain. Hari ini kucing merupakan salah satu daripada haiwan belaan rumah yang paling terkenal di dunia.

Kucing yang keturunannya berdaftar secara rasmi dipanggil kucing baka, kucing baka tulen atau kucing pertunjukan. Kucing baka tulen adalah kurang dari satu peratus daripada keseluruhan populasi kucing; kucing yang mempunyai baka campuran dirujuk sebagai bulu-panjang bela jinak dan bulu-pendek bela jinak.

Terdapat pelbagai baka kucing domestik, ada yang tidak berbulu ataupun ekor, dan mereka wujud dalam beraneka warna yang berlainan dan ada juga mempunyai banyak warna. Mereka adalah pemangsa yang mahir dan diketahui bahawa mereka memburu lebih dari seribu spesies haiwan lain sebagai makanan. Mereka juga haiwan yang pintar dan ada yang berkebolehan untuk menggunakan mekanisma ringkas seperti tuil pintu atau tandas manusia, seperti yang dijelaskan dibawah. Mereka berhubung dengan mengiau ("meow"/"miaou"), mengeluarkan bunyi 'purrr', berdesis dan juga isyarat anggota. Kucing boleh dikatakan baru lagi dijinakkan, oleh itu kucing juga boleh hidup di kawasan liar dan selalunya mereka akan membentuk satu koloni kecil. Hubungan manusia dan kucing menyebabkan kucing dipuja di dalam dongeng dan legenda dari beberapa bangsa, contohnya Mesir Purba, Viking dan juga Cina.

Sumber: Wikipedia


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Daeng_Jati
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posticon Posting pada: 13-11-08 08:01


Burung Lang Lebah

Burung Helang Lebah (bahasa Inggeris: Oriental Honey Buzzard) ialah salah satu daripada haiwan yang terdapat di Malaysia. Nama sainsnya Pernis ptilorhynchus. Burung Lang Lebah adalah burung pemangsa dalam keluarga Accipitridae yang turut merangkumi burung pemangsa diurnal lain seperti kita, eagle dan harrier.

Ciri-ciri

Burung Lang Lebah ialah haiwan yang tergolong dalam golongan benda hidup, alam : haiwan, filum : kordata, sub-filum : bertulang belakang (vertebrata), kelas : burung. Burung Lang Lebah adalah haiwan berdarah panas, mempunyai sayap dan tubuh yang diselubungi bulu pelepah. Paruh Burung Lang Lebah tidak bergigi.

/

Ia adalah lebih besar dan sayap lebih lebar berbanding burung yang sama di barat Pernis apivorus.

Ia kelihatan berleher panjang dengan kepala keci;, dan melayang dengan sayap yang rata. Ia mempunyai ekor panjang dan bulu kepala pendek. Keperangan di bahagian atas, tetapi tidak segelap Honey Buzzard, dan lebih pucah di bahagian bawah. Terdapat gelang gelap di bahagian tekak.

Agak luar biasa dikalangan burung pemangsa, jantina keduanya dapat jelas kelihatan. Burung jantan mempunyai kepala biru-kelabu, sementara kepala burung betina bewarna keperangan. Burung betina lebih besar dan gelap berbanding burung jantan. Burung jantan mempunyai ekor hitam dengan gelong putih, sementara burung betina menyerupai Honey Buzzard betina.

Habitat

Burung Lang Lebah datang dari tempat pembiakannya di kawasan terpencil Siberia. Ia meluncur di arus udara, menandakan penerbangannya dengan panggilan nyaring, sambil mencari sarang lebah untuk dimakan larva dan madunya. Burung ini boleh dijumpai di Sepang, Selangor, Tanjung Tuan, Melaka dan Pulau Kukup, Johor.


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